Leather Sector of Bangladesh is running for more than seven decades. Since 1940, the leather industry starts its first footstep towards the world market. An ambitious businessman R.P Saha first set up a tannery at Narayanganj. From there it shifts to Hazaribagh area in Dhaka. And soon there are 30 tanneries running successfully around Hazaribagh area. In 1970, a tremendous development boost happens throughout the Leather Sector of Bangladesh. And day by day leather sector improves to be an economic contributor to the country. And also it is a priority sector of our government. Almost Half Million people are now working in this industry. Though Leather Sector of Bangladesh has a lot of controversies like child Labour, poor infrastructure, Unhealthy work environment, water pollution etc. But above all, it recovers day by day from those controversies. Let’s dive insides the Leather Sector of Bangladesh below:
Classification of Leather Sector of Bangladesh:
Basically, Leather Sector of Bangladesh has divided among three major sectors. And they are below:
- Tannery Section
- Leather Goods
First of all, Tannery Section is the key section for the raw leather development. Cause tannery section collects the bulk amount of the rawhide during the Eid-ul-Adha. In the meantime, other festivals have a minor collection of rawhide And the types of leather export from Bangladesh are below:
- Crust Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Finished Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Split Leather in Wet Blue stage (Cow & Buffalo)
Basically, Leather which has been tanned but not finished is known as the crust leather. Because of its tannage, crust leather has a lot of variety. Here are the varieties mentioned below:
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- 100% Chrome Free Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Ecological (100% Chrome & Vegetable free) Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Lining Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Suede Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Nubuck Crust Leather
- Cow/Buffalo Split Suede Crust Leather etc.
First of all, there is a wide range in the Finished Leather. In here we gather the names those are export from Bangladesh. And those are below:
- Polished Finished Leather
- Burnished Finished Leather
- Pigmented & Semi-Pigmented Finished Leather
- Aniline, Semi-Aniline & Semi-Aniline Nappa Finished Leather
- Glazed Finished Leather
- Milled Nappa Finished Leather
- Nubuck Finished Leather
- Water Proof Finished Leather
- Corrected/Plastic Finished Leather
- Pattern Finished Leather etc.
Finally, the Split Leathers are exported by maintaining some criteria e.g. Size, Thickness, Tannage, with or without Shoulder or only Shoulder etc. So, to make the thickness even, sometimes splits are exported after shaving. Normally, the following category (in Cow and Buffalo) splits are exported.
- 5 SF+ Double Butt, 1.0 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 5 SF+ Single Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Double Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Double Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 9 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Double Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 2 SF+ Shoulder, 1.2 mm+
- 3 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+
- 4 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+ etc.
- 14 SF+ Single Butt, 1.6 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.8 mm+ (without Shoulder)
Basically, leather has been introduced since 1940. By the time goes footwear industry is gradually popular in Bangladesh. And now it is the biggest opportunity for the footwear industry of Bangladesh to evolve more. And the journey of becoming a giant in this industry has already begun. So, we are now exploring the journey below:
First of all, Bangladesh has been positioned eighth as far as footwear generation on the planet in 2016. Cause we are creating 378 million sets of shoes or 1.6 percent of the aggregate yield, as indicated by World Footwear Yearbook 2017. And Bangladeshi footwear industry is one of the quickest developing on the planet, expanding send out by about 700 percent amid the most recent decade, it noted. According to the EPB, during the first two months of the current financial year 2016–17, the country posted 23.62 percent growth in footwear exports over that during the same period a year ago.
As a result, Bangladesh has received $120.59 million foreign exchange from exports of leather footwear in the July–August period in this fiscal year. In addition, Bangladesh trades footwear to more than 50 nations, including the EU, China, Japan, Korea, Canada and North America. Moreover, The EU is the biggest fare goal of Bangladesh’s footwear industry. Almost 54 percent is sent out to the EU showcase. However, Industry insiders to pick up a more prominent offer of the segment, Bangladeshi business visionaries should target both set up top markets.
According to industry inside currently, 220 tanneries, 2500 footwear manufacturing units and 90 large firms are involving in the leather and leather goods sector. And this sector is contributing 4% to the country’s total export earnings by exporting items to more than 50 countries. So, the exports will increase manifolds if the leather and leather goods sector meet the compliance standards and take initiatives to promote their products in the international market. At present, we earn about US$ 1.23 billion by exporting various leather products in FY2016-2017. And the government, however, has set a target to earn $5.0 billion from exporting leather, leather goods, and the footwear sector as part of the $60 billion overall export earnings by 2021.
In Closing Statement of Leather Sector of Bangladesh:
Currently, in 2018, the sector has already started changing. First of all, the tanneries are moving Savar from Hazaribagh. In Savar, tanneries are getting larger space, healthy work environment, better water & electricity supply etc. And now the tanners & manufacturers are also moving to this area. Though there are few problems arrive on this moving time. Like some of them are not moving on time, expected facilities are not provided properly, No hot water facilities, and so on. That’s why few drops on production make the industry analyzers anxious. But every progressive move has some difficulties & hinders on their way of success. So, we are also hopeful with our change and adaptability of our leather industry. And we are on the way to our destination.