An Overview of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
First of all, the Government of Bangladesh has identified the leather industry as being of key importance to the Bangladeshi economy in terms of growth and export potential. And so the leather sector in Bangladesh consists of two sub-sectors, namely tanning and production of leather goods, including footwear as well. Because of the majority of the sector’s production takes place in and around Dhaka. So, the precise figures of the number of people employed in the leather industry are hard to ascertain given the considerable number of people active in the informal sector.
In addition, employment figures may fluctuate during the year as the number of workers rises after the annual Muslim festival of sacrifice, Eid-al-Adha. As the festival, Eid-al-Adha involves the slaughtering of mainly cows, goats and sheep, there is a peak in the number of slaughtered animals. In 2014 an estimated 6.5 million animals were slaughtered during the Eid-al-Adha festival. Consequently, the peak period in the processing of raw hides starts right after Eid-al-Adha and lasts until two or three months after the festival.
According to the Bangladesh Business Promotion Council, there are some 15,000 people employed in the tanning industry, 50,000 in the footwear industry and another 10,000 in the leather goods industry. In total, approximately 75,000 workers are employed in the tanning and leather industry in Bangladesh.
Popular Buyers of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
At present, Bangladeshi leather company has a bright future in recent according to the experts of the leather industries. Though many infrastructural and technological problem Bangladesh has achieved the second position on the quality of material after the French. Let’s find out the reasons why Bangladeshi leather is popular around the world. And these four reasons are behind the success. Here they are below
- High qualities of fine grain
- The uniform fiber structure
- Smooth feel and
- Natural texture.
Especially, the specialists and purchasing houses assume a vital part in the fare of calfskin and cowhide items. However, tanneries in some cases likewise have coordinate relations with remote cowhide products makers. First of all, the primary send out goals for cowhide are Hong Kong, China, Italy, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam and Spain. Among the primary merchants of calfskin products are Belgium, Germany, and the United States.
And then the greater part of the cowhide shoes created in Bangladesh is delivering to the EU, trailed by Japan and the United States. So, the exploration group distinguished a few particular inventory network joins, yet the general absence of straightforwardness in the business makes it hard to reveal connections between brands, retailers, and makers of calfskin in Bangladesh.
Types of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
Before 1990, the ban on export of Wet Blue from Bangladesh, the main export articles was Wet Blue Hides. Overall, real progress in terms of product development with respect to the crust and finished leather commenced after 1990.
Nowadays, the following types of leather articles are in the queue of export to worldwide market from Bangladesh:
- Crust Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Finished Leather (Cow, Goat, Sheep, Buffalo in variety)
- Split Leather in Wet Blue stage (Cow & Buffalo)
First of all, there is a lot of variety in Crust Leather for its tannage. Mainly, the following articles are exported in Natural Color and Dyed Through (any color) both:
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Semi Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- 100% Chrome Free Full Vegetable Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Ecological (100% Chrome & Vegetable free) Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Crust Leather
- Full Chrome Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Lining Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Suede Crust Leather
- Cow/Goat/Sheep/Buffalo Nubuck Crust Leather
- Cow/Buffalo Split Suede Crust Leather etc.
Another one is the finished leather. Cause there is a wide range in the Finished Leather, those are export from Bangladesh. And those are as follows in brief:
- Polished Finished Leather
- Burnished Finished Leather
- Pigmented & Semi-Pigmented Finished Leather
- Aniline, Semi-Aniline & Semi-Aniline Nappa Finished Leather
- Glazed Finished Leather
- Milled Nappa Finished Leather
- Nubuck Finished Leather
- Water Proof Finished Leather
- Corrected/Plastic Finished Leather
- Pattern Finished Leather etc.
SPLIT LEATHER (Wet Blue Stage)
Finally, the Split Leathers are exported by maintaining some criteria e.g. Size, Thickness, Tannage, with or without Shoulder or only Shoulder etc. So, to make the thickness even, sometimes splits are exported after shaving. Normally, the following category (in Cow and Buffalo) splits are exported:
- 5 SF+ Double Butt, 1.0 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 5 SF+ Single Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Double Butt, 1.1 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Double Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (without Shoulder)
- 7 SF+ Single Butt, 1.2 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 9 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Single Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 12 SF+ Double Butt, 1.3 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 2 SF+ Shoulder, 1.2 mm+
- 3 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+
- 4 SF+ Shoulder, 1.3 mm+ etc.
- 14 SF+ Single Butt, 1.6 mm+ (with Shoulder)
- 10 SF+ Single Butt, 1.8 mm+ (without Shoulder)
In The Conclusion of Leather Export From Bangladesh:
Overall Bangladesh’s leather sector is deeming competitive because of three important issues. First of all, the low labor cost differentiation, then the local availability of hides and a favorable business environment. And this is working by the existence of organizations and institutional arrangements like the Export Processing Zone (EPZ) etc. and duty-free access to major international markets.
At the same time, relocating the tannery industry in Savar Tannery Estate to ensuring environmental compliance, the leather sector will be able to increase exports to markets such as the European Union and the United States and will attract significantly more foreign investment into the leather industry in Bangladesh. Furthermore, the use of environmentally compliant output from the Savar will lead to greater value addition in the Bangladesh economy.
Then it will encourage a graduation of the industry to finished leather goods and footwear. At present, we earn about US$ 1.23 billion by exporting various leather products in FY2016-2017. And the government, however, has set a target to earn $5.0 billion from exporting leather, leather goods, and the footwear sector as part of the $60 billion overall export earnings by 2021. So, we are hoping to fulfill our goals and also improve our technical issues properly. In addition, we need a proper strategy and plan to develop our worker and work environment as well. Now our government takes this sector as their priority sector. So, we can say that soon we will reach our destination.